Additionally, older adults in declining health who remain in contact with friends show improved psychological well-being.
Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may have difficulty forming and maintaining friendships, due to a limited ability to build social skills through observational learning, difficulties attending to social cues, and because of the social impacts of impulsive behavior and a greater tendency to engage in behavior that may be seen as disruptive by their peers.
This figure rose to 78% through the fifth grade, as measured by co-nomination as friends, and 55% had a mutual best friend.
Coaching from parents can be useful in helping children to make friends.
Among the elderly, friendships can provide links to the larger community, serve as a protective factor against depression and loneliness, and compensate for potential losses in social support previously given by family members.
Especially for people who cannot go out as often, interactions with friends allow for continued societal interaction.
Children with autism have been found to be more likely to be close friends of one person, rather than having groups of friends.
Additionally, they are more likely to be close friends of other children with some sort of a disability.
A study performed at the University of Texas at Austin examined over 9,000 American adolescents to determine how their engagement in problematic behavior (such as stealing, fighting, and truancy) was related to their friendships.Friendship is a stronger form of interpersonal bond than an association.Friendship has been studied in academic fields such as communication, sociology, social psychology, anthropology, and philosophy.Paraprofessionals, specifically one-on-one aides and classroom aides, are often placed with children with autism spectrum disorders in order to facilitate friendships and guide the child in making and maintaining substantial friendships.Although lessons and training may help peers of children with autism, bullying is still a major concern in social situations.Whether adolescents were influenced by their friends to engage in problem behavior depended on how much they were exposed to those friends, and whether they and their friendship groups "fit in" at school.Adults may find it particularly difficult to maintain meaningful friendships in the workplace.According to Anahad O'Connor of The New York Times, bullying is most likely to occur against autistic children who have the most potential to live independently, such as those with Asperger syndrome.Such children are more at risk because they have as many of the rituals and lack of social skills as children with full autism, but they are more likely to be mainstreamed in school, since they are on the higher-functioning end of the autism spectrum.A sense of parental attachment aids in the quality of friendships in children with autism spectrum disorders; a sense of attachment with one's parents compensates for a lack of social skills that would usually inhibit friendships.Along with parental intervention, school professionals play an important role in teaching social skills and peer interaction.