Yet, similar activities by other groups, such as the Italian-American mafia, have not resulted in any wholesale ethnic discrimination that was written into law, as in the case of the Chinese.
American textbooks continue to list WWII casualties at 40 million killed, completely sidelining the roles and sacrifices of Asians.During the Great Depression, San Francisco Chinatown residents perpetuated and capitalized on negative stereotypes, such as staging spontaneous knife fights between opium-crazed triad members for passing guided-tour groups to attract visitors.Particularly in the 1960s, there situations created by the Chinese community, such as underground sweat-shop operations and human trafficking, that brought on justifiable police raids and ensuing investigations. You are free to share this page using the share button options above and you are welcome to post a short excerpt (maximum 5 to 10 sentences) of this content on another website, provided that you also publish a link back to this original page. Most of the content on this site is the property of Zak Keith and is copyright protected.While the Chinese generally fared better than Native Americans and African slaves, a gray-zone distinction was made in many American states to tentatively class the Chinese as fellow-immigrants with very limited rights.The questions that beg to be asked are: Why were the Chinese—who were arguably just as entitled as the Europeans were to the New World, and who could be argued to have had just as manifest a destiny as the whites, if not more—subjected to such a high level of persecution?Anti-Asian discrimination is demonstrably on the rise.Asians, who currently represent 5% of the US population, continue to be severely discriminated against as a minority group in the media (see full report and database listing at .) Negative media perceptions have been identified as a factor affecting relationships.If you believe in the theories of Gavin Menzies as posited in his book, (1953), or the findings of Col.Barclay Kennon (who served on the US North Pacific Surveying Expedition in 1871), or Charles Godfrey Leland (1824-1903), or Sinologist Karl Friedrich Neumann (1793-1870), the Chinese have been in the Americas for centuries, perhaps even millennia, long before the first European settlers arrived.