Military discipline and effectiveness are built on the foundation of obedience to orders.
Recruits are taught to obey, immediately and without question, orders from their superiors, right from day one of boot camp.
However, the public outcry in the United States following this very publicized and controversial trial was such that President Nixon granted him clemency.
Calley wound up spending 3 1/2 years under house arrest at Fort Benning Georgia, where a federal judge ultimately ordered his release.
Article 90 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ) makes it a crime for a military member to WILLFULLY disobey a superior commissioned officer.Article 91 makes it a crime to WILLFULLY disobey a superior Noncommissioned or Warrant Officer.Article 92 makes it a crime to disobey any lawful order (the disobedience does not have to be "willful" under this article).Bristlecones grow so slowly that a century of tree rings adds less than an inch of girth.The precise, extended chronology of these trees is directly responsible for the accuracy of radiocarbon dating.In 2004, the military began court-martials of several military members deployed to Iraq for mistreating prisoners and detainees.Several members claimed that they were only following the orders of military intelligence officials.According to family members, some of the troops thought the mission was "too dangerous" because their vehicles were unarmored (or had little armor), and the route they were scheduled to take is one of the most dangerous in Iraq. An order to perform a dangerous mission is lawful because it's not an order to commit a crime. An order to perform a military duty, no matter how dangerous is lawful, as long as it doesn't involve the commission of a crime.According to reports, these members simply failed to show up for the pre-departure briefing for the mission. Under current law, and the Manual for Courts-Martial, "An order requiring the performance of a military duty or act may be inferred to be lawful and it is disobeyed at the peril of the subordinate. It's clear, under military law, that military members can be held accountable for crimes committed under the guise of "obeying orders," and there is no requirement to obey orders which are unlawful. New was found guilty of disobeying a lawful order and sentenced to a bad-conduct discharge.However, here's the rub: A military member disobeys such orders at his/her own peril. When assigned as part of a multi-national peacekeeping mission about to be deployed to Macedonia, Spec-4 New and the other soldiers in his unit were ordered to wear United Nations (U. New refused the order, contending that it was an illegal order. The Army Court of Criminal Appeals upheld the conviction, as did the Court of Appeals of the Armed Forces.